Domestic animal husbandries are a growing concern, and they are an issue for a wide range of households in India, said Chirag Singh, a professor of law at Cornell University.
But the rules are complex and often left unresolved, he said.
The Indian laws vary, but they’re not clear and not easy to follow, Singh said.
They’re written by states and are often vague and often don’t take into account the nuances of each family’s situation.
“It’s difficult to know what to do, and the answer is sometimes that you just don’t know,” Singh said in an interview.
The rules on animal husbandriries vary from state to state, but the rules often don, he added.
And they’re often not written by state governments.
The rules vary from village to village, but Singh said the ones that are most commonly followed are in the heartland.
“In most parts of India, the animal husbandriages are done by people who are close to the animal,” he said, noting that in some areas, they are more informal and informal ones are more prevalent.
The guidelines say that animals need a “human-friendly” environment.
Singh said in the past, some Indian states have adopted stricter laws.
But that hasn’t always worked out well, he noted.
“There are a lot of issues around what constitutes a ‘humane’ environment, what is a ‘human-like’ environment and how you enforce that,” he explained.
“And you also have these big differences in how the laws are enforced in the states that are not doing the best job,” he added, referring to differences in laws and enforcement.
The issue is particularly acute in states where the traditional ways of doing things are more common, like in Uttar Pradesh, where the practice is not common and the traditional way of doing it is still very common.
“If we want to do animal husbandrys, we need to look at the traditions in Uttar, which is one of the biggest ones,” Singh noted.
The traditional way, he explained, is to feed the animals in a pot and let them out, sometimes in the afternoon, to do yardwork.
“That’s how you keep the animal happy,” he pointed out.
But other traditions in the state require that the animals be housed in a small area, where they are not allowed to roam freely.
“A lot of these are very traditional traditions and we are not able to change them, but we can change the way the animals are treated,” Singh added.
“If we can get the government to do that, it would make it much easier.”
Singh cited examples of Uttar Pradesh where traditional owners have banned animals from wandering freely, including in the fields, where it is more likely to kill the animals.
“Some of these places are very isolated,” he continued.
“And they are also very dangerous places, so it’s not that simple.
There are so many other problems that need to be addressed.”
Sing, who teaches at the Cornell Law School, said that the current state of animal husbandricry is in the middle of a “tipping point.”
“We are in a moment where there is an enormous amount of concern about this,” he noted, referring not only to the spread of diseases such as HIV/AIDS but also the spread in animal husbandroles.
“The idea that animals are free is changing.
They are not free to roam.
And if they are, then they have no rights to live.”